jaipur art and craftsmanship

Kashmir silk carpet

Kashmir silk carpet

We can find the traces of woolen carpets in India since 500 B.C. The origin of carpets weaving traditions in India comes in the medieval period. When Mughal Emperor Babar came to India, he was disappointed by the lack of luxuries here. He missed the luxuries of Persia which included the Persian carpet and thus brought Persian carpets to India. Kashmir was the summer capital of the Mughal Empire and in 1580 A.D Mughal Emperor Akbar established carpet weaving center in various states of India and Kashmir comes out as the central hub for carpet waving centers in India making production of Persian carpets.

With time the Persian style of carpet making blends with kashmiri art and heritage it recreates the Persian carpets and as the result kashmiri carpets have their own unique style. A Kashmir rug is a hand-knotted oriental rug and these rugs or carpets have intricate designs that are primarily oriental, floral style in a range of colors, sizes and quality. Rugs color tones such as sapphire blue, ruby red, emerald green, aquamarine, amethyst, and ivory. The rugs have typical pattern having the local art, culture and heritage motifs such as “tree of life”.  Kashmir carpets are handmade, hand-knotted, and are primarily made in pure wool, pure silk and occasionally wool and silk blends with each other in 80:20 proportions of silk & wool.

Some of the designs are named after important cities in Persia such as Kerman, Kashan and Tabriz. The local and regional flora and fauna has its influence on the designs. Kashmir rugs are made in a range of sizes like 3×2, 4×2″, 5×3, 6×9, 7×5, 10×8, and 12×9. Kashmir carpet usually ranges from 400 to 800 knots per square inch and higher the number of kpsi (knots per square inch) the greater the quality & durability and value for money for the kashmiri silk carpet. An average carpet takes around 6 to 12 months but it depends upon the size, quality, number of kpsi and design pattern. Now the Kashmiri rugs are regarded as the best handmade, hand-knotted rugs in the world.

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