A kilim is a flat tapestry woven carpet or rug traditionally produced in countries of the former Ottoman Empire, Iran, Azerbaijan and Turkey countries of Central Asia, china and India. Kilims can be purely decorative or can function as prayer rugs. Modern kilims are popular floor-coverings in Western households.
A Kilim rug is different from a traditional rug due to the weaving technique used to produce it. Kilim is traditional, hand-woven rugs that are flat-woven and because of this, have no pile. This makes them a very attractive option if you are looking for something particularly lightweight and simple, but that still offers a cultural connection with the origins of rug-making.
Wool is the primary and often the only material used to make a kilim rug. Many kilims are made totally from wool where it is used for both warps and wefts, and wool is the primary weft material used with cotton warps, which accounts for the great majority of all kilims.
Kilim rugs are formed by flat weaving with two sets of wool ropes. One set of wool ropes is set vertically, and the other is horizontally placed. The horizontal ropes are passed through the vertical groups of ropes and as soon as this rope reaches the end, it turns back on the same path.
With the rope being passed over the same path repeatedly, decorative images known as ‘motifs’ are formed by using multiple groups of ropes all with different colors. Kilims are also excellent as use as wall hangings, similar to tapestries they are light weight and decorative pieces